Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Deer

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 5%)

5mg/kg

SC

 

SID for 3 days

Dog bites, gunshot wounds

Oxytetracycline LA

20mg/kg

IM

Red Deer

Single dose

Wounds

Oxytetracycline 5%

10mg/kg

IM

 

For 5 days

Enteritis

Trimethoprim sulfa

20mg/kg

IM

 

 

Broad-spectrum bactericidal

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Buprenorphine *? (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

10-20mcg/kg

IM

 

 

 

Butorphanol (Torbugesic) *?

0.2mg/kg

 

 

 

 

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp)

1mg/kg

IV

 

Every 48hrs

Trauma

Flunixin

2mg/kg

IV

 

SID

 

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Detomidine/medetomidine

50-100mcg/kg

IM, IV

 

 

With ketamine for deep sedation. Use upper dose for fallow deer

Diazepam (Valium)

0.5-1mg/kg

IM, IV

Deer

Contraindicated in shock

Sedation for capture/handling

Etorphine

0.5–0.75 ml/100kg
(1.125 – 2.2 mg/100kg)

IM

Red, Sika

 

Field anaesthesia

Etorphine +
Xylazine

1.125 – 2.2 mg/100kg +
1mg/kg

IM

Fallow

 

Field anaesthesia

Xylazine

2mg/kg

IM, IV

Use 50% more for Fallow

 

With Ketamine for deep sedation and induction

Ketamine

2-3mg/kg

IM, IV

 

 

Deep sedation with xylazine or detomidine/medetomidine and induction following xylazine

Ketamine + xylazine

2 – 3mg/kg + 2mg/kg

IM, IV

 

 

 

Ketamine + Detomidine *? (Domosedan)

1-2mg/kg +
60-90mcg/kg

 

Fallow

Reversal; atipamezole, 3-7 times volume of detomidine given

Dart capture

Propofol

0.6-1.5mg/kg

IV

 

 

Prolonging/maintenance of GA

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Moxidectin *2

0.2 mg/kg

 

 

 

 

Ivermectin *3

0.2 mg/kg

SC

 

Single dose

 

Ivermectin for cattle

400mcg/kg

SC

Deer

 

Prophylactic treatment

 


FLUIDS
   *4

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Dextrose 50% solution

1 ml/kg

IV

 

 

Initially 1 ml/kg then add to fluids to avoid rebound hypoglycemia

Hartmann’s

60-70ml/kg /day

IV

 

 

Maintenance

 

90ml/kg

IV

 

rapidly

Shock

Hypertonic saline

 

IV

 

 

Head trauma

Mannitol

 

IV

 

 

Head trauma

 

OTHER  *1

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

SUITABLE SPECIES

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Dexamethasone (soluble)

5mg/kg

IV

 

 

Capture myopathy, with IV fluids and glucose. Head trauma cases

 

0.8mg/kg

IM, IV

 

 

Gluconeogenic and anti inflammatory

Methylprednisolone (Solu medrone V)

20mg/kg

IV

 

 

Corticosteroid, suppression of inflammation, capture myopathy, with IV fluids and glucose.

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)

150mg/kg

IV

Deer

 

Euthanasia

Vit E and Selenium (Dystosel) *1

1ml muntjac
3ml fallow

IM

Deer

 

On arrival

References
BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*1           Practical Wildlife Care, Second Edition, Les Stocker
*2           FAO Food and Nutrition Paper 41/8, Rome 1996
*3           The European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, 1996
*4           Medical management of the white-tailed deer fawn

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