Veterinary Drugs & Dosages Table
Hedgehog

THIS SECTION IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE FOR VETERINARY SURGEONS ONLY

Any medications dispensed or administered, or procedures performed, should only be by or under order of a qualified, licensed veterinary surgeon.
Given the current scarcity of drugs licensed for use in wildlife, the responsible use of the cascade system is recommended.
Drug information and dosages are derived from a variety of sources (see references), and do not necessarily guarantee safety or efficacy
.

 

ANTIBIOTICS    ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES    ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES    ANTHELMENTICS    HEDGEHOG LUNGWORM PROTOCOL    FLUIDS    OTHER

 


ANTIBIOTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin trihydrate (Betamox LA 150mg/ml) 

50-150mg/kg

 

Every second day

Broad-spectrum bactericidal

Amoxycillin and clavulanic acid
(Synulox/Augmentin)

30-50mg/kg

IM, SC, PO

BID

Respiratory infections, skin infections, enteritis

Ampicillin (long acting)

20mg/kg

PO, SC

SID?

Broad-spectrum bactericidal

Cefalexin

30mg/kg

IM, SC, PO

SID or BID

Skin infections

Chlortetracycline hydrochloride, benzocaine (Aureomycin)

 

topical

Daily

Bacterial infections (powder or spray)

Clindamycin (Antirobe)

10-20mg/kg

PO

BID

Bone / dental conditions

Enrofloxacin (Baytril 5%)

10mg/kg

SC, PO

SID for 5 days (7 days if pneumonia)

Bordetellosis, pneumonia, neonatal enteritis

Metronidazole (Flagyl)

40mg/kg

SC

SID

Dental conditions

Metronidazole and spiramycin (Stomorgyl)

Half tablet/kg

PO

SID?

Dental conditions

Oxytetracycline

50mg/kg

PO

BID

Respiratory infections

 


ANALGESICS & ANTI-INFLAMMATORIES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Buprenorphine (Temgesic/Vetergesic)

20-30mcg/kg

IM

TID

Trauma, post-op analgesia

 

0.05mg/kg?

IM

8-12 hrs

Do Not exceed max dose

Butorphanol (Torbugesic) *1

0.2-0.4mg/kg

SC, IM

Every 6-8hrs

Analgesia, (anti-emetic/tussive)

Carprofen (Rimadyl/Zenecarp)

5-10mg/kg

SC

SID, PO – BID, max 3 days

Analgesic and anti-inflammatory

Flunixin meglumine (Finadyne)

2mg/kg

SC, PO

SID, maximum 5 days

Respiratory, myiasis

Meloxicam  *3

0.5mg/kg

 

SID up to 3 days

Analgesic / anti-inflammatory

 


ANAESTHETICS & SEDATIVES

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Atipamezole (Antisedan)

300-500mcg/kg

IM

 

Reversal agent for medetomidine

Diazepam (Valium)

1-3mg/kg

IV or IM

 

General sedation at lower dose
Control seizures, poisoning at higher dose

Isoflurane

Induce at 5%, maintain 1-3%

 

 

Routine GA

Medetomidine + ketamine  *2

0.1 mg/kg +
5mg/kg

IM

 

Reversal of medetomidine using atipamezole 0.3-0.5 mg/kg.

Medetomidine + ketamine

100mcg/kg +
10-20mg/kg

IM

 

GA sometimes prolonged recovery

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ANTHELMENTICS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Enilconazole 10% (Imaverol) *2

Mix 1:50 with sterile water

Topical spray

daily

Ringworm

Fenbendazole

100mg/kg

PO

SID for 5 days

Roundworms, lungworms, limited use on tapeworms

Fipronil  0.25% (Frontline)

Spray sparingly

topical

 

Fleas, ticks. NB VENTILATION

Ivermectin

0.2-3mg/kg

SC

 

GI parasites, levamizole drug of choice for lungworm

 

0.2-3mg/kg

SC

 

Mange and adjunct to myiasis therapy

Ivermectin for cattle *2

400mcg/kg

 

 

Mange

 

 

topical

Use sparingly

For maggots, when mixed 1:9 with water

 

0.4ml/kg

SC

Once weekly for 3 wks

Mange, ticks, fleas, mites, when mixed 1:9 with propylene glycol

Mebendazole

50-100mg/kg

PO

SID for 5 days

Roundworms, tapeworms

Neomycin + permethrin (GAC ear drops) *2

One or two drops

Topical - ear

 

Ear mites

Permethrin

 

topical

Dust all over skin

Fleas

Praziquantel (Droncit)

10-20mg/kg

IM, SC

 

Tapeworm, Brachylaemus flukes

Pyrethrum (Rid Mite Powder) *2

 

topical

 

Ectoparasites

Sulfadimidine

200mg/kg

SC

For 3 days

Coccidiosis

 

HEDGEHOG LUNGWORM PROTOCOL    *2

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Amoxycillin (long acting)

150mg/kg

 

Single dose with first Levamisole, then every 2nd day afterwards

Antibiotic.
Enrofloxacin instead if pneumonia

Etamiphylline camsylate (Millophyline)

28mg/kg

SC

Immediately on arrival then day of, and day after each dose of levamisole

Bronchodilator.
Clenbuterol Hydrochloride instead if severe resp distress

Levamisole (Levadin)

20mg/kg

SC

Once weekly for 3 weeks

Wormer

Methylprednisolone (Depo-Medrone)

Up to 4mg/kg
Adult 0.1ml
Juvenile 0.05ml

 

Single dose with levamisole

Corticosteroid

 


FLUIDS

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Isotonic fluids

Mainly 50-100mg/kg/day

Generally SC route

Warm fluids

Assume minimum 10% dehydration on arrival, add as appropriate

Dextrose 4% with sodium chloride 0.18%
(Dextrose Saline)  *2

100ml/kg maintenance

SC

Daily
Add 10% Duphalyte

Long term loss, dehydration

Duphalyte (electrolytes, vits, amino-acids, dextrose)  *2

10ml/kg in fluids

SC

Daily

 

Hartmann’s  *2

100ml/kg/day maintenance

SC

Add 10% Duphalyte

No more than 50ml/kg at one time/site

 

OTHER  

DRUG

DOSE

ROUTE

DIRECTIONS

USES/NOTES

Atropine

0.2mg/kg

 

 

Cardiac stimulant
Useful in pesticide poisoning

Betamethasone

0.5mg/kg

IM

 

Corticosteroid

Bromhexidine Hydrochloride (Bisolvon)

1pinch

On food

BID

Mucolytic, aids bronchopneumonia

Chloramphenicol eye ointment

 

topical

4-6 times daily

 

Clenbuterol Hydrochloride (Ventipulmin)

1pinch

PO

BID

Bronchodilator, severe respiratory distress

Doxapram (Dopram)

5mg/kg

 

 

Respiratory stimulant

Etamiphylline camsylate (Millophyline)

30mg/kg

IM, SC

BID - TID

Cardiorespiratory stimulant.
Aids respiratory infection

Frusimide (lasix 5%) *2

2.5 – 5.0mg/kg

IM, SC

TID

Drinking water needs to be available

Kaolin

 

 

 

Anti-diarrhoeal for salmonella

Lacri-lube eye ointment

 

 

SID

 

Methylprednisolone (Solu medrone V)

20 - 50mg/kg *2

IV

4 – 6 hr intervals

Corticosteroid, suppression of inflammation

 

1-6mg/kg

IM

Single dose

Long acting corticosteroid

Multivitamins (Abidec) *2

0.5ml/kg

PO

Daily

 

Pentobarbital sodium (Pentobarbital)

120-200 mg/kg, as necessary

then IV, IP, IC

General anaesthesia FIRST

Euthanasia

Pralidoxime

 

 

Useful if given within 24hrs of poisoning

Combat pesticide poisoning

Vitamin K

5-7mg/kg

 

 

Warfarin poisoning

Ranitidine (Zantac)  *3

3.5mg/kg

 

BID for at least 14 days

Antacid

References
BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualties
*1           Current Veterinary Therapy XIII Small Animal Practice
*2           Medication for Use in the Treatment of Hedgehogs, Les Stocker
*3           Medications & Dosages for Hedgehogs, Caroline Gould & Tim Partridge B.V.Sc., M.R.C.V.S.
                 www.hedgehog-rescue.org.uk/documents/drugs_2010.pdf

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